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The company Scaphandre was created by Léo Monnet from its two passions : the cinematography and the sea.

Director of photography, working for television and cinema (Canal +, France TV, Arte, Tf1), he was noted for his neat image,

befitting the world of fashion (ads for Dior, Chanel, Issey Miyake).

Always passionate about the sea (diver, graduate of the National Certificate of Sea Rescue and trainer SNSM,

Lifeguard qualification Dangerous Coast), Léo Monnet has acquired expertise in underwater shooting,

that he practices in artificial pool studios as in natural environment, in France and abroad.

Scaphandre is made up of image specialists: underwater cinematographer, camera assistant divers,

underwater gaffer, as well as experts in underwater safety. As required by the Ministry of Labor,

Scaphandre team members are all graduates of the Class I Hyperbaric diver Certificate (CAH)

(less than 40 meters underwater) and/or Class II (less than 60 meters).


The autonomous scaphandre is an individual device that allows a diver to freely dive with a reserve of compressed breathing gas.

This self-contained breathing apparatus can work with air as well as with other mixtures specially designed for this purpose (nitrox, trimix, hydreliox) or also with a rebreather.


The principle of functioning of this autonomous scaphandre is essentially based on an intervention by Dr. Théodore Guillaumet, in 1838. Independently of the Guillaumet patent, this invention was again realized un 1860 by the mining engineer Benoît Rouquayrol and adapted to diving in France in 1864 with the help of Lieutenant (French Navy) Auguste Denayrouse.

It was finally resumed and perfected in its current form by Emile Gagnan and Jacques-Yves Cousteau in 1943.

This invention, capital for scuba diving is therefore used today to designate the diving regulator.

  The¨autonomous scascaphandre ¨ is therefore used today to designate underwater breathing equipment which derive from the invention of Gagnan and Cousteau.

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